Anderson, C.A., Anderson, K.B., & Deuser, W.E. (1996). 

Examining an affective aggression framework: Weapon and temperature effects on aggressive thoughts, affect, and attitudes. 

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 366-376.


 A general framework for studying affective aggression, integrating many insights from previous models (e.g., Baron, 1979; Berkowitz,1984, 1990, 1993; Geen, 1990; Zillmann, 1983) was presented. New research examining effects of extreme temperatures and photos of guns on arousal, cognition, and affect is reported. Hostile cognition was assessed using an automatic priming task (i.e., Stroop interference). Hostile affect was assessed via the State Hostility Scale. Positive and negative affect, hostile attitudes, perceived comfort, and perceived arousal were also assessed. As expected, hot and cold temperatures increased state hostility and hostile attitudes whereas viewing guns did not. As expected, viewing guns primed hostile cognitions, whereas extreme temperatures did not. Theoretical implications of these results and societal implications of the general framework were discussed.

 © 1996 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

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