Anderson, C.A, Deuser, W.E., DeNeve, K. (1995). 

Hot temperatures, hostile affect, hostile cognition, and arousal: Tests of a general model of affective aggression. 

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 434-448.


A general model of affective aggression was used to generate predictions concerning hot temperatures. Experiment 1 examined hot temperature effects on hostile affect, hostile cognition, perceived arousal, and physiological arousal in the context of a study of video games. Experiment 2 examined hot temperature effects on hostile affect, perceived and physiological arousal, and general positive and negative affect in the context of brief aerobic exercise. Consistent results were obtained. Hot temperatures produced increases in hostile affect, hostile cognition, and physiological arousal. Hot temperatures also produced decreases in perceived arousal and general positive affect. These results suggest that hot temperatures may increase aggressive tendencies via any of three separate routes. Hostile affect, hostile cognitions, and excitation transfer processes may all anything the likelihood of biased appraisals of ambiguous social events, biased in a hostile direction.

 © 1995 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

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